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Guide to Georgia: general country overview

Georgia is situated in the western and central parts of Trans-Caucasia between the Black and Caspian Seas, on the crossroad of the ancient Silk Road that connected Asia to Europe. Georgia shares its northern border with the Russian Federation, the south-east border  with Azerbaijan; in the south it borders Armenia and Turkey, while the Black Sea makes the western limits of the country, with the coastal line of the country about 315 km. Seaports at the Black Sea connect Georgia with Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey; Bosporus and Dardanelle straights connect the country with the Mediterranean region, and the river Danube links it with Central and Eastern Europe.


Capital of Georgia: Tbilisi
Big cities: Kutaisi, Batumi, Rustavi, Telavi.
Area: 69.7 thousand sq. m.
Population: 4.6 million.
Official language: Georgian.
Religion: Dominant religion – Orthodox Christianity (70%). Other religions and
confessions: Islam, Judaism, Catholicism, and Gregorian Christianity.
National currency: Georgian Lari (1 GEL = 0,60 USD approx).
Time zone: +4 GMT             
Dial phone code: +995


National and Religious Holidays:

New Year: January 1-2;
Orthodox Christmas: January 7;
Mother's Day: March 3;
Easter Monday;
Independence Day: May 26;
Mariamoba (Assumption of the Holy Virgin): August 28;
Mtskheta - Svetitskhovloba: October 14;
Tbilisoba (Tbilisi-city festivities): Last week of October;
Nikolozoba: December 19
Giorgoba (St. George's Day): November 23


Greeting Word Gamarjoba
For many nations greeting words have its own tradition, for English people good weather is the main thing they would like to wish and that’s why, when they meet each-other they say good morning, good day, etc. For Russians, in their cold weather, they prefer to wish good health and “zdravstvui” means in Russian the same. While, when Georgians meet each-other they say gamarjoba, the greeting word (Hello) in Georgian. This word  in Georgian means to win. During the long history of the country the Georgians fought  against the, Romans, Arabs, Mongols, Turks  and Persians, etc.  And for Georgians main wish became to win against the invaders to survive their statehood, language, culture and national identity through the centuries.

 


GUIDE TO GEORGIA:

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